The need for the creation of more states in Nigeria has dominated political space in recent times as Senate Committee on Constitution Review has recommended to INEC (Independent National Electoral Commission) to conduct a referendum on the possible creation of 20 more states in the country.
The creation of new states is topping the list of amendments to the 1999 Constitution as the committee considers various factors including the ability of civilian administration to create states, taking a leap from the defunct Mid-Western Region which was created in 1963 in the First Republic.
Other matters considered in the new constitutional review include checking tax evasion as the Senate panel also approved the amendment of the 1999 Constitution to allow for the creation of the Federal Revenue Court.
It was proposed that there will be about five revenue courts to deal with all tax issues nationwide, especially cases involving multinational firms.
and this soon will call for a joint session for both houses to discuss. While it was gathered that less than five of the current 36 states are economically viable to dare the creation of more states, respect for “the genuine desire of Nigerians.” is allowed to lead the way among the committee members
Though the list of requests for new states is quite long sources said a referendum may be conducted for no fewer than 20 states.
Here are lists of some of the states proposed for the referendum:
ITAI State (from Akwa Ibom State); State status for the FCT; Katagum State from Bauchi State; Okura State from Kogi East; Adada State from Enugu State; Gurara State from Kaduna South; and Ijebu State from Ogun State
Others are Ibadan State from Oyo State; Tiga State from Kano State; Ghari State from Kano State; Amana State from Adamawa; Gongola State from Adamawa; Mambilla State from Taraba State; Savannah State from Borno State; and Okun state from Kogi State.
Those on the list include Etiti State from the South East Zone; Orashi State from Imo and Anambra states; Njaba from the present Imo State or the excision of Aba State from Abia State; Anioma State from Delta State; Torogbene and Oil River States, from Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers states; and Bayajida State from parts of Katsina, Jigawa and Zamfara states.
The source privy to the committee on the constitution review also added that:” The Senate Committee on Constitution Review has seen the desirability of creating new states which may even solve the nation’s present security challenges.”
The source said further that “What the Senate Committee has recommended is to amend the constitution to empower INEC to conduct the referendum on state creation.
When INEC gets the constitutional mandate, we can then invoke Section in Part 1 of Chapter 1 of the 1999 Constitution.
We are talking of referendum for less than or about 20 new states.”
Responding to a question, the source added:
“The procedures for creating new states may be cumbersome but realizable.
“At the committee level, it was obvious that a civilian administration is better placed to create new states than any other form of government. In fact, the defunct Mid-Western Region was created in 1963 during the First Republic.
”In this Fifth Amendment to the 1999 Constitution, the National Assembly can create new states if the conditions are met.”
The section in Part 1 of Chapter 1 of the 1999 Constitution states the conditions as follows:
“An Act of the National Assembly for the purpose of creating a new state shall only be passed if –
(a) a request, supported by at least two-thirds majority of members ( representing the area demanding the creation of the new state) in each if the following –
(i) the Senate and the House of Representatives
(ii) the House of Assembly in respect of the area, and
(iii) the local government councils in respect of the area, is received by the National Assembly.
“A proposal for the creation of the state is thereafter approved in a referendum by at least two-thirds majority of the people of the area where the demand for creation of the state originated.
” The result if the referendum is then approved by a simple majority of all the states of the Federation supported by a simple majority of members of the Houses of Assembly, and
” The proposal is approved by a resolution passed by a two-thirds majority of members of each House of the National Assembly.”
It was also gathered that the Senate Committee on Constitution Review recommended the establishment of the Federal Revenue Court, including five branches to adjudicate on tax-related issues.
Another source said:” The establishment of the court will accelerate cases involving tax defaulters, under-declaration of returns, and other abuses by local and multinational companies.
” The constitution will be amended to accommodate this specialized court.”
Asked when the Senate and the House of Representatives Committees will meet, the source added: “Before the end of the month.”
The last state creation in Nigeria took place on October 1, 1996, when the late military Head of State, General Sani Abacha, announced the emergence of Bayelsa, Ebonyi, Ekiti, Gombe, Nasarawa and Zamfara.